Top Water Trivia Facts

Nota publicada al portal WaterMan Blog el passat 24 de desembre de 2011.

H2O_Trivia

To know your water is to love your water.

Can you possibly know everything about the “elixir of life”? Nope, you really can’t. But you can begin the process of understanding the value of water by reading and sharing our Top Water Trivia Facts, which we compiled just for you. Share our comprehensive list of the Top 216 Water Trivia Facts below and begin to see how loving water and water consciousness work hand in hand. In fact, this may well be the most complete list of water trivia ever compiled …

Share this list with your friends, neighbors, associates and your buds. If you are a teacher in life, or just by nature, please use it. Remember, water love and water knowledge starts with you. Do you have some water facts to share? Then, simply leave your contributions in the comments section below.

  1. Only 3% of Earth’s water is fresh water.
  2. 97% of the water on Earth is salt water.
  3. Earth’s surface water is 0.3% of the world’s fresh water.
  4. 68.7% of the fresh water on Earth is trapped in glaciers.
  5. 30% of fresh water is in the ground.
  6. Hydraulic Fracturing for natural gas aka “Fracking” pollutes our water.
  7. 1.7% of the world’s water is frozen and therefore unusable.
  8. Water covers 70.9% of the Earth’s surface.
  9. Water can dissolve more substances than any other liquid including sulfuric acid.
  10. More than 25% of bottled water comes from a municipal water supply, the same place that tap water comes from.
  11. A ten meter rise in sea levels due to melting glaciers would flood 25% of the population of the United States.
  12. There is more fresh water in the atmosphere than in all of the rivers on the planet combined.
  13. Water boils quicker in Denver, Colorado than in New York City.
  14. If all of the water vapor in the Earth’s atmosphere fell at once, distributed evenly, it would only cover the earth with about an inch of water.
  15. Approximately 400 billion gallons of water are used in the United States per day.
  16. Nearly one-half of the water used by Americans is used for thermoelectric power generation.
  17. In one year, the average American residence uses over 100,000 gallons.
  18. It takes six and a half years for the average American residence to use the amount of water required to fill an Olympic-sized swimming pool (660,000 gallons).
  19. It takes seven and a half years for the average American residence to use the same amount of water that flows over the Niagara Falls in one second (750,000 gallons).
  20. American residents use about 100 gallons of water per day.
  21. Americans use more water each day by flushing the toilet than they do by showering or any other activity.
  22. In 1900, 25,000 American’s died of typhoid. By 1960, thanks to the use of chlorine in water treatment, that number dropped to 20.
  23. At 50 gallons per day, residential Europeans use about half of the water that residential Americans use.
  24. Residents of sub-Saharan Africa use only 2-5 gallons of water per day.
  25. The average faucet flows at a rate of 2 gallons per minute.  You can save up to four gallons of water every morning by turning off the faucet while you brush your teeth.
  26. Taking a bath requires up to 70 gallons of water.  A five-minute shower uses only 10 to 25 gallons.
  27. A running toilet can waste up to 200 gallons of water per day.
  28. The New York City water supply system leaks 36 million gallons per day.
  29. If you drink your daily recommended 8 glasses of water per day from the tap, it will cost you about 50 cents per year.
  30. If you drink your daily recommended 8 glasses of water per day from water bottles, it can cost you up to $1,400 dollars.
  31. There are approximately one million miles of water pipeline and aqueducts in the United States and Canada, enough to circle Earth 40 times
  32. The first water pipes in the US were made from wood.
  33. The first municipal water filtration works opened in Paisley, Scotland in 1832
  34. A gallon of water weighs 8.34 pounds.
  35. A cubic foot of water weighs 62.4 pounds
  36. An inch of water covering one acre (27,154 gallons) weighs 113 tons.
  37. Water vaporizes at 212 degrees F, 100 degrees C.
  38. It takes more water to manufacture a new car (39,090 gallons) than to fill an above ground swimming pool.
  39. It takes more than ten gallons of water to produce one slice of bread.
  40. Over 713 gallons of water go into the production of one cotton T-shirt.
  41. 1000 gallons of water are required to produce 1 gallon of milk.
  42. Roughly 634 gallons of water go into the production of one hamburger.
  43. Water is the only substance found on earth naturally in three forms: solid, liquid and gas.
  44. At 1 drip per second, a faucet can leak 3,000 gallons per year.
  45. Water makes up between 55-78% of a human’s body weight.
  46. If you drop a frog into boiling water it will hop straight back out again, but if you put it in cold water and heat it slowly the frog will boil to death.
  47. There is the exact amount of water on Earth today as when the Earth was formed. Water is never totally consumed. It always recycles itself, in one form or another.
  48. It is possible to drown and not die. Technically the term ‘drowning’ refers to the process of taking water into the lungs, not to death caused by that process.
  49. Juice that has ‘all natural’ written on the label even if it has less than 20% or 10% of juice… the water is natural, so the contents are ‘all natural’
  50. The elephant can smell water up to 3 miles away. Also, a dogs’ nose is so sensitive that it can tell the difference between a tub of water and a tub of water with a teaspoon of salt in it.
  51. Why are those gossip-hunting spies called eavesdroppers? It is because in Middle English, the water that falls from the eaves of a house was called eavesdrop, and eavesdropper was first used to describe someone who would stand close to a house in order to hear what was going on inside.
  52. The Catholic Herald, published in Great Britain, warms about the dangers of drinking holy water from religious shrines. While it may have curative powers in a religious sense, it seems that it also is a breeding ground for germs.
  53. Old Faithful, a geyser in Yellowstone National Park, can spout water 170 feet in the air. That is as high as a 17-story building.
  54. In Australia, a scientist put a Big Mac in a desk drawer and left it in there for a year to test the preservatives. When he pulled it out a year later, there was not a speck of mould on it. The only only thing different was that the buns were hard. He then microwaved it with a cup of water and ate it.
  55. There are almost 800 different brands of bottled water for sale in the United States.
  56. An elephant’s trunk can hold 2.5 gallons of water.
  57. Atlantic salmon can jump as high as 4.5 meters out of the water.
  58. Virga are streaks of water drops or ice particles falling out of a cloud and evaporating before reaching the ground.
  59. The hippopotamus has the capability to remain underwater for as long as twenty-five minutes.
  60. The name Vaseline is a combination of the German word wasser and the Greek word elaion.
  61. The largest water eddy in the world is the Sargasso Sea between the Azores and the West Indies.
  62. Hippos drink as much as 250 liters of water in any given 24 hour period.
  63. Close to 50% of the water used in a home originates from the bathroom.
  64. Squids move through the ocean using a jet of water forced out of the body by a siphon.
  65. A small drip from a faucet can waste up to 50 gallons of water daily, which is enough water to run a dishwasher twice.
  66. The optimum depth of water in a birdbath is two and a half inches.
  67. An egg that is fresh will sink in water, but a stale one won’t.
  68. When thirsty, a camel can drink 25 gallons of water in less than three minutes.
  69. Approximately 70 percent of the Earth is covered with water. Only 1 percent of the water is drinkable.
  70. According to The Farmers Almanac, to test your love, you and your lover should each place an acorn in water. If they swim together, your love is true; if they drift apart, so will you.
  71. Water has a greater molecular density in liquid form than as a solid. This is why ice floats.
  72. 4% of an apples is made up of minerals and vitamins, and over 80% is made up of water.
  73. The Earth is the most dense planet – five times denser than water, while Saturn is the least dense.
  74. Hot water weighs more than cold.
  75. In one day, a full-grown oak tree expels 7 tons of water through its leaves.
  76. The average person can live about a month without eating any food, but can only live about a week without water.
  77. Boiling water absorbs 6 times more energy in changing to steam than is needed to heat the water from freezing to boiling.
  78. 46 percent of the world’s water is in the Pacific. The Atlantic has 23.9 percent, the Indian 20.3 and the Arctic 3.7 percent.
  79. There is about one quarter-pound of salt in every gallon of seawater.
  80. Frogs do not need to drink water as they absorb the water through their skin.
  81. The Great Lakes are the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world.
  82. A seagull can drink salt water because it has special glands that filter out the salt.
  83. 8.34 is the number of pounds that one gallon of water weighs.
  84. 20 is the number of gallons of water used to hand wash dishes (on average).
  85. 25 to 50 gallons of water are used each time you take a shower.
  86. 97 is the percentage of the earth’s water that is an ocean or a sea.
  87. 107,000 is the number of gallons of water an average residence uses every year.
  88. The US National Wild and Scenic Rivers System has only 11,434 river miles in it—just over one-quarter of one percent of our rivers are protected through this designation.
  89. Currently, 600,000 miles of our rivers lie behind an estimated 60,000 to 80,000 dams.
  90. The United States has over 3,660,000 miles of rivers. The 600,000 miles of rivers lying behind dams amounts to fully 17% of our river mileage. (Source: Environmental Protection Agency 1998 National Water Quality Report)
  91. The Missouri River is about 2,540 miles long, making it the longest river in the United States. The Nile is the longest river in the world at 4,132 miles as it travels northward from its remote headwaters in Burundi to the Mediterranean Sea.
  92. The 8 longest rivers in the U.S. are (in descending order) Missouri, Mississippi, Yukon, St. Lawrence (if you count the Great Lakes and its headwaters as one system), Rio Grande, Arkansas, Colorado, Ohio.
  93. The 8 largest rivers in the U.S., based on volume, are (in descending order) Mississippi, St. Lawrence, Ohio, Columbia, Yukon, Missouri, Tennessee, Mobile.
  94. Water covers nearly three-fourths of the earth’s surface.
  95. Most of the earth’s surface water is permanently frozen or salty.
  96. Approximately 70% of the world’s supply of fresh water is located in Antarctica, locked in 90% of the world’s ice. (Source: Gulf of Maine Research Institute)
  97. If all the world’s water were fit into a gallon jug, the fresh water available for us to use would equal only about one tablespoon.
  98. It doesn’t take much salt to make water salty. If one-thousandth (or more) of the weight of water is from salt, then the water is saline.
  99. Saline water can be desalinated for use as drinking water by going through a process to remove the salt from the water. The process costs so much that it isn’t done on a very large scale. The cost of desalting sea water in the U.S. ranges from $1 to $16 per 1000 gallons.
  100. The overall amount of water on our planet has remained the same for two billion years.
  101. The United States consumes water at twice the rate of other industrialized nations.
  102. 1.2 Billion — Number of people worldwide who do not have access to clean water.
  103. 6.8 Billion — Gallons of water Americans flush down their toilets every day.
  104. Each day almost 10,000 children under the age of 5 in Third World countries die as a result of illnesses contracted by use of impure water.
  105. Most of the world’s people must walk at least 3 hours to fetch water.
  106. By 2025, 52 countries—with two-thirds of the world’s population—will likely have water shortages.
  107. The average single-family home uses 80 gallons of water per person each day in the winter and 120 gallons in the summer. Showering, bathing and using the toilet account for about two-thirds of the average family’s water usage.
  108. The average person needs 2 quarts of water a day.
  109. During the 20th century, water use increased at double the rate of population growth; while the global population tripled, water use per capita increased by six times.
  110. On a global average, most freshwater withdrawls—69%—are used for agriculture, while industry accounts for 23% and municipal use (drinking water, bathing and cleaning, and watering plants and grass) just 8%.
  111. Water used around the house for such things as drinking, cooking, bathing, toilet flushing, washing clothes and dishes, watering lawns and gardens, maintaining swimming pools, and washing cars accounts for only 1% of all the water used in the U.S. each year.
  112. Eighty percent of the fresh water we use in the U.S. is for irrigating crops and generating thermoelectric-power.
  113. More than 87% of the water consumed in Utah is used for agriculture and irrigation.
  114. Per capita water use in the western U.S. is much higher than in any other region, because of agricultural needs in this arid region. In 1985, daily per capita consumption in Idaho was 22,200 gallons versus 152 gallons in Rhode Island.
  115. A corn field of one acre gives off 4,000 gallons of water per day in evaporation.
  116. It takes about 6 gallons of water to grow a single serving of lettuce. More than 2,600 gallons is required to produce a single serving of steak.
  117. It takes almost 49 gallons of water to produce just one eight-ounce glass of milk. That includes water consumed by the cow and to grow the food she eats, plus water used to process the milk.
  118. About 6,800 gallons of water is required to grow a day’s food for a family of four.
  119. The average American consumes 1,500 pounds of food each year; 1,000 gallons of water are required to grow and process each pound of that food—1.5 million gallons of water is invested in the food eaten by just one person! This 200,000-cubic-feet-plus of water-per-person would be enough to cover a football field four feet deep.
  120. About 39,090 gallons of water is needed to make an automobile, tires included.
  121. Only 7% of the country’s landscape is in a riparian zone, only 2% of which still supports riparian vegetation.
  122. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimate that 70% of the riparian habitat nationwide has been lost or altered.
  123. More than 247 million acres of United States’ wetlands have been filled, dredged or channelized—an area greater than the size of California, Nevada and Oregon combined.
  124. Over 90% of the nearly 900,000 acres of riparian areas on Bureau of Land Management land are in degraded condition due to livestock grazing.
  125. Riparian areas in the West provide habitat for more species of birds than all other western vegetation combined; 80% of neotropical migrant species (mostly songbirds) depend on riparian areas for nesting or migration.
  126. Fully 80% of all vertebrate wildlife in the Southwest depend on riparian areas for at least half of their life.
  127. Of the 1200 species listed as threatened or endangered, 50% depend on rivers and streams.
  128. One fifth of the world’s freshwater fish—2,000 of 10,000 species identified—are endangered, vulnerable, or extinct. In North America, the continent most studied, 67% of all mussels, 51% of crayfish, 40% of amphibians, 37% of fish, and 75% of freshwater mollusks are rare, imperiled, or already gone.
  129. At least 123 freshwater species became extinct during the 20th century. These include 79 invertebrates, 40 fishes, and 4 amphibians. (There may well have been other species that were never identified.)
  130. Freshwater animals are disappearing five times faster than land animals.
  131. In the Pacific Northwest, over 100 stocks and subspecies of salmon and trout have gone extinct and another 200 are at risk due to a host of factors, dams and the loss of riparian habitat being prime factors.
  132. A 1982 study showed that areas cleared of riparian vegetation in the Midwest had erosion rates of 15 to 60 tons per year.
  133. One mature tree in a riparian area can filter as much as 200 pounds of nitrates runoff per year.
  134. At least 9.6 million households and $390 billion in property lie in flood prone areas in the United States. The rate of urban growth in floodplains is approximately twice that of the rest of the country.
  135. If all the water in the Great Lakes was spread evenly across the continental U.S., the ground would be covered with almost 10 feet of water.
  136. One gallon of water weighs 8.34 pounds.
  137. The surface of the earth is approximately 70.9% water and 29.1% land
  138. The five oceans are the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, and Arctic Ocean
  139. The oceans have an affect on the weather and temperature
  140. A sea is a division of an ocean or a large body of salt water partially enclosed by land. The largest seas are the South China Sea, the Caribbean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.
  141. More than half of the area covered by oceans is over 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) deep.
  142. Geologically, an ocean is an area of oceanic crust covered by water
  143. Life within the ocean evolved 3 billion years prior to life on land.
  144. Ocean currents transfer heat from the tropics to the polar regions
  145. Ocean currents also transfer warm or cold air and rain to coastal regions, where winds may carry them inland
  146. The average temperature of all oceans is about 39 degrees F
  147. There are mountains, volcanoes, and deep trenches in the ocean
  148. Tides change twice a day as the oceans rise and fall due to the the pull of the sun and moon on our earth.
  149. Half the communications between nations use underwater cables
  150. The oceans of the World contain nearly 20 million tons of gold
  151. The Moon’s gravitational influence produces the ocean tides
  152. Ninety percent of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans. In 1993, scientists located the largest known concentration of active volcanoes on the sea floor in the South Pacific. This area, the size of New York state, hosts 1,133 volcanic cones and sea mounts. Two or three could erupt at any moment.
  153. The highest tides in the world are at the Bay of Fundy, which separates New Brunswick from Nova Scotia. At some times of the year the difference between high and low tide is 53 feet 6 inches, the equivalent of a three-story building.
  154. The oceans cover 71 percent of the Earth’s surface and contain 97 percent of the Earth’s water. Less than 1 percent is fresh water, and 2-3 percent is contained in glaciers and ice caps.
  155. Earth’s longest mountain range is the Mid-Ocean Ridge, which winds around the globe from the Arctic Ocean to the Atlantic, skirting Africa, Asia and Australia, and crossing the Pacific to the west coast of North America. It is four times longer than the Andes, Rockies, and Himalayas combined.
  156. Canada has the longest coastline of any country, at 56,453 miles or around 15 percent of the world’s 372,384 miles of coastlines.
  157. A slow cascade of water beneath the Denmark Strait sinks 2.2 miles, more than 3.5 times farther than Venezuela’s Angel Falls, the tallest waterfall on land.
  158. El Niño, a periodic shift of warm waters from the western to eastern Pacific Ocean, has dramatic effects on climate worldwide. In 1982-1983, the most severe El Niño of the century created droughts, crop failures, fires, torrential rains, floods, landslides–total damages were estimated at more than $8 billion.
  159. At the deepest point in the ocean the pressure is more than 8 tons per square inch, or the equivalent of one person trying to support 50 jumbo jets.
  160. At 39 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature of almost all of the deep ocean is only a few degrees above freezing.
  161. If mined, all the gold suspended in the world’s seawater would give each person on Earth 9 pounds.
  162. In 1958, the United States Coast Guard icebreaker East Wind measured the world’s tallest known iceberg off western Greenland. At 550 feet it was only 5 feet 6 inches shorter than the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C.
  163. Although Mount Everest, at 29,028 feet, is often called the tallest mountain on Earth, Mauna Kea, an inactive volcano on the island of Hawaii, is actually taller. Only 13,796 feet of Mauna Kea stands above sea level, yet it is 33,465 feet tall if measured from the ocean floor to its summit.
  164. If the ocean’s total salt content were dried, it would cover the continents to a depth of 5 feet.
  165. Undersea earthquakes and other disturbances cause tsunamis, or great waves. The largest recorded tsunami measured 210 feet above sea level when it reached Siberia’s Kamchatka Peninsula in 1737.
  166. The Antarctic Ice Sheet is almost twice the size of the United States.
  167. The Falls at Niagara cannot claim to be the highest or the widest in the world, or even to have the greatest flow of water. The Iguazu Falls on the Paraguay-Brazil-Argentina borders surpass Niagara Falls on all three counts. But Niagara’s are the world’s most popular.
  168. Today 50% of the Niagara River never makes it to the Falls: it is diverted for power. This percentage increases to 75% at night and in the winter months.
  169. The Niagara River is not a river it is a strait.
  170. One and a half million gallons of water flow through the Niagara River every second, or one cubic mile every week.
  171. The Niagara River drains 255,000 square miles of mid-continental North America.
  172. The drop from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario is 330 feet depending on seasonal water levels.
  173. Most of the earth’s surface consists of water; there is much more water than there is land.
  174. Water can not only be found on the surface, but also in the ground and in the air.
  175. There are two kinds of water; salt water and freshwater. Salt water contains great amounts of salt, whereas freshwater has a dissolved salt concentration of less than 1%.
  176. Water consists of three atoms, 2 Hydrogen atoms and an Oxygen atom, that are bond together due to electrical charges.
  177. The weight of a water molecule depends on the number of moles present, as it is 18 grams per mole.
  178. Water moves around the earth in a water cycle. The water cycle has five parts: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration and surface run-off.
  179. In a 100-year period, a water molecule spends 98 years in the ocean, 20 months as ice, about 2 weeks in lakes and rivers, and less than a week in the atmosphere.
  180. Groundwater can take a human lifetime just to traverse a mile.
  181. Most of the earth’s surface water is permanently frozen or salty.
  182. Water regulates the earth’s temperature.
  183. Water freezes at zero degrees Celcius.
  184. Water vaporizes at a hundred degrees Celcius.
  185. Water is the only substance that is found naturally on earth in three forms: liquid, gas, solid.
  186. If water changes phase its physical appearance changes due to parting of water molecules. In the solid phase the water molecules are close together and in the gaseous phase they are the furthest apart.
  187. Frozen water is 9% lighter than water, which is why ice floats on water.
  188. A litre of water weighs 1.01 kilograms.
  189. It doesn’t take much salt to make water salty. If one-thousandth (or more) of the weight of water is from salt, then the water is saline.
  190. Saline water can be desalinated for use as drinking water by going through a process to remove the salt from the water.
  191. When water contains a lot of calcium and magnesium, it is called hard water.
  192. 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage, stormwater, and industrial waste are discharged into American waters every year
  193. Asian rivers are the most polluted in the world having 3 times as many bacteria from human waste as the global average and 20 times more lead than rivers in industrialized countries
  194. Pollution of fresh drinking water is a problem for about half of the world’s population.
  195. Diseases caused by drinking polluted water contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites include cholera, typhoid, dysentery and other diarrheal diseases
  196. Plastic waste in coastal areas kills up to 100,000 marine mammals, 1 million sea birds and countless fish annually increasing numbers of Endangered Species
  197. 80% of water pollution in seas and oceans comes from land-based activities
  198. Soap and dirt from washing cars can flow through drains and ditches and end up in our streams untreated – use a car wash!
  199. Small amounts of contaminants from all over the land add up to cause pollution in our water.
  200. Failing septic systems pollute. Untreated wastewater from failing septic systems can contaminate nearby streams, drinking water sources, and bays.
  201. Soap from washing your car at home pollutes.
  202. Soap and dirt from washing your car can flow through our storm drains and ditches and end up in our streams untreated.
  203. Soap from charity car washes can pollute if not handled properly.
  204. When it rains, water runs over the ground and picks up oil, antifreeze, and other pollutants and carries them to our streams and bays.
  205. Common pesticides and fertilizers have been found in neighborhood streams in the Puget Sound Region.
  206. Cleaners and chemicals used or disposed of outside can end up in our streams and bays.
  207. Pet waste pollutes our water.
  208. When it rains, water runs over fields and pastures and can carry harmful bacteria from livestock waste to streams and provides unwanted fertilizer in streams.
  209. Driveways and walkways can be sources of water pollution. Oil, antifreeze, and other pollutants can collect on your driveway. If you hose down the driveway, the water carries all these pollutants to the streams.
  210. Lawn clippings and yard waste in ravines and ponds can become unwanted fertilizer for streams. Too much plant growth in streams can use up all the oxygen and kill fish and aquatic life.
  211. Too much soil in runoff can pollute water. Soil from erosion carries pollutants and smothers salmon eggs in spawning gravel.
  212. Sewage from boating can pollute water. Untreated sewage is a significant risk to human health and wildlife.
  213. Boat and engine maintenance can pollute. Toxic chemicals, oils, cleaners, and paint scrapings from boat maintenance can make their way into the water.
  214. Oil and antifreeze pollute our water when disposed of improperly. Oil and antifreeze that are spilled during maintenance or are dumped on the ground can be carried by runoff to our streams and bays.
  215. Waste from household repairs can pollute our water. Contractors and service people must properly dispose of chemicals and water used during their work.
  216. Litter thrown on the ground can end up in our storm drains, ditches, and streams.

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