Nota publicada al portal ARC 2020 d’ahir dimecres 23 de gener.
ARC2020 –a broad coalition of 167 civil society organisations– has today expressed deep disappointment following “a melt-down of the urgently needed reform and greening of the CAP” after the European Parliament’s Agricultural Committee (COMAGRI) adopted its position in a vote on the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
“A majority of members of the Committee have bowed to the pressures of the European agro-industry, which is taking farmers hostage for monocultures and factory farming,” said Benedikt Haerlin of ARC2020. “We are fed up with violence against nature and farm animals. We want healthy food and farming, family farmers and vibrant rural areas in Europe.”
The key of the EU Commission proposal for the CAP reform is “mandatory greening” of all farms as a pre-requisite for receiving direct payments per hectare, which form more than two thirds of the 57 billion Euros presently spent on the CAP. This Greening requires crop diversification, preservation of pastures and management of 7 percent of every farms arable land as “ecological focus areas” improving soil fertility, biodiversity and global warming performance e.g. by not using pesticides and fertilizers, flowering strips for insects and other biodiversity friendly measures.
With today’s vote COMAGRI now proposes to allow farmers to ‘opt out’ of such agro-ecological minimum requirements and still get at least 70% of the direct payments. In addition it tries to water down every single measure with a diversity of loopholes, exemptions and so called “equivalents”.
“We hope to convince members of other committees of the Parliament to use the time until the plenary vote in March for creating new alliances across parties and Member States. We expect them to insist on the most efficient use of public money and a mandatory and credible Greening of Europe’s agriculture”, said Samuel Feret of ARC2020. Among the suggestions, proposed by other Committees (but ignored by COMAGRI) are demands for crop rotation (not just diversification) including nitrogen fixing legumes, to reduce dependency on pesticides, fertilisers and imports of rainforest-destroying, usually genetically modified soy beans; a ceiling for payments to large farms and better support to smaller farms and disadvantaged regions; monitoring of CAP’s impact on developing countries’ small farmers and global hunger; a territorial approach to rural development which would strengthen short food chains and better income for farmers.